A newer version of IMDG is available.

View latest

Want to try Hazelcast 5.0 beta?

We’ve combined the in-memory storage of IMDG with the stream processing power of Jet to bring you an all new Hazelcast platform.

Discovering Members by Multicast

With the multicast auto-discovery mechanism, Hazelcast allows cluster members to find each other using multicast communication. The cluster members do not need to know the concrete addresses of the other members, as they just multicast to all the other members for listening. Whether multicast is possible or allowed depends on your environment.

To set your Hazelcast to multicast auto-discovery, set the following configuration elements. See the multicast element section for the full description of the multicast discovery configuration elements.

  • Set the enabled attribute of the multicast element to true.

  • Set multicast-group, multicast-port, multicast-time-to-live, etc. to your multicast values.

The following is an example declarative configuration.

  • XML

  • YAML

<hazelcast>
    ...
    <network>
        <join>
            <multicast enabled="true">
                <multicast-group>224.2.2.3</multicast-group>
                <multicast-port>54327</multicast-port>
                <multicast-time-to-live>32</multicast-time-to-live>
                <multicast-timeout-seconds>2</multicast-timeout-seconds>
                <trusted-interfaces>
                    <interface>192.168.1.102</interface>
                </trusted-interfaces>
            </multicast>
        </join>
    </network>
    ...
</hazelcast>
hazelcast:
  network:
    join:
      multicast:
        enabled: true
        multicast-group: 224.2.2.3
        multicast-port: 54327
        multicast-time-to-live: 32
        multicast-timeout-seconds: 2
        trusted-interfaces:
          - 192.168.1.102

Pay attention to the multicast-timeout-seconds element. multicast-timeout-seconds specifies the time in seconds that a member should wait for a valid multicast response from another member running in the network before declaring itself the leader member (the first member joined to the cluster) and creating its own cluster. This only applies to the startup of members where no leader has been assigned yet. If you specify a high value to multicast-timeout-seconds, such as 60 seconds, it means that until a leader is selected, each member waits 60 seconds before moving on. Be careful when providing a high value. Also, be careful not to set the value too low, or the members might give up too early and create their own cluster.

Multicast auto-discovery is not supported for Hazelcast native clients yet. However, we offer Multicast Discovery Plugin for this purpose. See the Discovering Native Clients section.