This is a prerelease version.

View latest

Configuring Tiered Storage

Before you Begin

Tiered Storage works only with maps whose in-memory format is NATIVE. Before you configure Tiered Storage for a map, make sure that it uses this in-memory format. See High-Density Memory to learn how to enable and configure the NATIVE in-memory format for maps.

Quickstart Configuration

Configuration for Tiered Storage includes setting the device (local disk) parameters for the Hazelcast member and providing Tiered Storage details for the map. The following shows the minimal configuration to start using Tiered Storage. See Fine Tuning for additional device-specific configuration elements.

  • YAML

  • XML

    enabled: true (1)
    ... (2)
    my-disk: (3)
      base-dir: "tiered-store" (4)
      in-memory-format: NATIVE (5)
        enabled: true (6)
          capacity: (7)
            unit: MEGABYTES
            value: 256
          enabled: true (8)
          device-name: "my-disk" (9)
    <native-memory enabled="true"> (1)
        ... (2)
    <local-device name="my-disk"> (3)
        <base-dir>tiered-store</base-dir> (4)
    <map name="my-map">
        <in-memory-format>NATIVE</in-memory-format> (5)
        <tiered-store enabled="true"> (6)
                <capacity unit="MEGABYTES" value="256"/> (7)
            <disk-tier enabled="true" device-name="my-disk"/> (8) (9)
1 The native memory usage for the member must be enabled.
2 See here for available native memory configuration options.
3 Name of the disk-based (local) device; my-disk in this example.
4 The directory to be used for storing device data; it can be an absolute or relative path to the member startup directory.
5 The in-memory format for the map having Tiered Storage enabled MUST be NATIVE. You also need to enable the native memory usage
6 Tiered Storage is disabled by default; set this parameter true to enable it.
7 Capacity of the memory in which the frequently accessed data will be stored; cannot be set to 0. The default capacity is 256 MB. Available unit options are BYTES, KILOBYTES, MEGABYTES, and GIGABYTES.
8 Whether to use disk as an additional (overflow) tier for storage.
9 Name of the device (disk) that you set under the local-device configuration.
For now, Tiered Storage supports the local machine’s disk as the storage device. It will also support additional systems such as Amazon S3 and Google Blobstore in the future releases, so that when the local disk is filled up, you will be able to flush data to, for example, Amazon S3.
The native memory setting is global and is shared by maps configured for Tiered Storage and for High-Density Memory. Ensure that the configured native memory is large enough for both map configurations.


Tiered Storage works fine for most use cases with the default settings provided in Configuring Tiered Storage. However, there may be specific use cases where you might want to change the behavior related to the device to be used.

  • YAML

  • XML

      base-dir: "tiered-store"
      capacity: (1)
        unit: GIGABYTES
        value: 512
      block-size: 4096 (2)
      read-io-thread-count: 16
      write-io-thread-count: 4
    <local-device name="my-disk">
        <capacity unit="GIGABYTES" value="512"/> (1)
        <block-size>4096</block-size> (2)
    <map name="my-map">
1 Soft upper limit of the device capacity. Use the value attribute to define the size and the unit attribute to define the unit in which the value is measured. unit can be set to bytes, kilobytes, megabytes or gigabytes. The default is 256 gigabytes.
2 Allocated size of the device’s IO (read/write), in bytes; refers to the minimum size to request IO. If it is 4096 Bytes, then even if you read or write 100 Bytes, it still reads 4096 Bytes from disk.
3 Number of threads for read/write operations from/to disk. For hard disk drives, a write thread IO count of 1 or 2 is optimal; whereas for solid state drives (SSDs) this would lead to under-utilization, so a higher write thread count is needed.

You also have the following system properties to further fine-tune the Tiered Storage setup. See Configuring with System Properties on how to add a property to your setup.

Property Default Description


The size of a single HybridLog page, defined in megabytes. The valid values are [1,2,4,8,16].


Maximum file size of a Tiered Storage file. It defines the working unit of the compactor. Use a multiple of the setting.

The value set for

The compactor on the partition threads is triggered only if there is at least the specified amount of garbage present on the partition.


Triggers the compactor to run when the configured percentage of the configured device capacity is reached.


Time goal for a single compaction round, defined in milliseconds.

Dynamic License Key Update

To support extending the Tiered Storage capacity property of the Enterprise License Key without restarting the members, Tiered Storage detects and adapts its limits to the new Tiered Storage capacity defined in the new License Key. For further information on updating license keys, see Updating a License Key at Runtime.

By increasing the Tiered Storage capacity with a new License Key, the capacity of the configured devices might be too low to benefit from the new License Key permissions. To ensure optimal use of Tiered Storage, increase the capacity parameter of the devices accordingly.

The capacity parameter of the devices can be increased only by reloading the configuration, and only increasing the capacity is allowed. You cannot add devices or change any other configuration parameter using dynamic configuration reload.
Updating the License Key and increasing the capacity of the devices can be done in one step by updating the configuration for both before reloading the configuration.