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Integrating OpenSSL / BoringSSL

You cannot integrate OpenSSL into Hazelcast when Hazelcast Encryption is enabled.

TLS/SSL in Java is normally provided by the JRE. However, the performance overhead can be significant; even with AES intrinsics enabled. If you are using a x86_64 system (Linux, Mac, Windows), Hazelcast supports native integration for TLS/SSL which can provide significant performance improvements. There are two supported native TLS/SSL libraries available through netty-tcnative libraries:

  • OpenSSL

    • dynamically linked

    • prerequisites: libapr, openssl packages installed on your system

  • BoringSSL - Google managed fork of the OpenSSL

    • statically linked

    • easier to get started with

    • benefits: reduced code footprint, additional features

The native TLS integration can be used on clients and/or members. For best performance, it is recommended to install on a client and member and configure the appropriate cipher suite(s).

Check the netty-tcnative page for installation details.

If the Java version is less than 11 and OpenSSL capabilities are detected (also the appropriate Java libraries are included) and if no explicit SSLEngineFactory is set, Hazelcast IMDG defaults to use OpenSSL.

Netty Libraries

For the native TLS/SSL integration in Java, the Netty library is used.

Make sure the following libraries from the Netty framework are on the classpath:

  • netty-handler and its dependencies

  • one of tc-native implementations

    • either BoringSSL: netty-tcnative-boringssl-static-{tcnative_version}.jar

    • or OpenSSL: netty-tcnative-{tcnative_version}-{os_arch}.jar

It is very important that the version of Netty JAR(s) corresponds to a very specific version of netty-tcnative. In case of doubt, the simplest thing to do is to download the netty-<version>.tar.bz2 file from the Netty website and check which netty-tcnative version is used for that Netty release.

Using BoringSSL

The statically linked BoringSSL binaries are included within the netty-tcnative libraries. There is no need to install additional software on supported systems.

Example Maven dependencies:

<dependencies>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>io.netty</groupId>
        <artifactId>netty-tcnative-boringssl-static</artifactId>
        <version>2.0.12.Final</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>io.netty</groupId>
        <artifactId>netty-handler</artifactId>
        <version>4.1.27.Final</version>
    </dependency>
</dependencies>

Using OpenSSL

  1. Install OpenSSL. Make sure that you are installing 1.0.1 or newer release. See its documentation at github.com/openssl.

  2. Install Apache Portable Runtime (APR) library. See apr.apache.org.

    For RHEL: sudo yum -y install apr openssl

    For Ubuntu: sudo apt-get -y install libapr1 openssl

    For Alpine Linux: apk add --update apr openssl

Example Maven dependencies (for Linux):

<dependencies>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>io.netty</groupId>
        <artifactId>netty-tcnative</artifactId>
        <version>2.0.12.Final</version>
        <classifier>linux-x86_64</classifier>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>io.netty</groupId>
        <artifactId>netty-handler</artifactId>
        <version>4.1.27.Final</version>
    </dependency>
</dependencies>

Configuring Hazelcast for OpenSSL

Configuring OpenSSL in Hazelcast is straight forward. On the client and/or member side, the following snippet enables TLS/SSL using OpenSSL:

  • XML

  • YAML

<hazelcast>
    ...
    <network>
        <ssl enabled="true">
            <factory-class-name>com.hazelcast.nio.ssl.OpenSSLEngineFactory</factory-class-name>
            <properties>
                <property name="protocol">TLSv1.2</property>
                <property name="trustCertCollectionFile">trusted-certs.pem</property>
                 <!-- If the TLS mutual authentication is not used,
                     then the key configuration is not needed on the client side. -->
                <property name="keyFile">privkey.pem</property>
                <property name="keyCertChainFile">chain.pem</property>
            </properties>
        </ssl>
    </network>
    ...
</hazelcast>
hazelcast:
  network:
    ssl:
      enabled: true
      factory-class-name: com.hazelcast.nio.ssl.OpenSSLEngineFactory
      properties:
        protocol: TLSv1.2
        trustCertCollectionFile: trusted-certs.pem

        # If the TLS mutual authentication is not used, following lines (key configuration) are not needed on the client side.
        keyFile: privkey.pem
        keyCertChainFile: chain.pem

The configuration is similar to a regular TLS/SSL integration. The main differences are the OpenSSLEngineFactory factory class and the following properties:

  • keyFile: Path of your PKCS#8 key file in PEM format.

  • keyPassword: Password to access the key file when it’s encrypted.

  • keyCertChainFile: Path to an X.509 certificate chain file in PEM format.

  • trustCertCollectionFile: Path to an X.509 certificate collection file in PEM format.

  • fipsMode: Boolean flag to switch OpenSSL into the FIPS mode. See the FIPS 140-2 section.

The key and certificate related properties take precedence over keyStore and trustStore configurations. Using keyStores and trustStores together with OpenSSL causes problems on some Java versions, therefore we recommend to use the OpenSSL native way.

The following are the other supported properties:

  • keyStore: Path of your keystore file.

    • Using the keyStore property is not recommended, use keyFile and keyCertChainFile instead

  • keyStorePassword: Password to access the key from your keystore file.

  • keyStoreType: Type of the keystore. Its default value is JKS. Another commonly used type is the PKCS12. Available keystore/truststore types depend on your Operating system and the Java runtime.

  • keyManagerAlgorithm: Name of the algorithm based on which the authentication keys are provided.

  • trustManagerAlgorithm: Name of the algorithm based on which the trust managers are provided.

  • trustStore: Path of your truststore file. The file truststore is a keystore file that contains a collection of certificates trusted by your application. Its type should be JKS.

    • Using the trustStore property is not recommended, use trustCertCollectionFile instead

  • trustStorePassword: Password to unlock the truststore file.

  • trustStoreType: Type of the truststore. Its default value is JKS. Another commonly used type is the PKCS12. Available keystore/truststore types depend on your operating system and the Java runtime.

  • ciphersuites: Comma-separated list of cipher suite names allowed to be used.

  • protocol: Name of the algorithm which is used in your TLS/SSL. Its default value is TLSv1.2. Available values are:

    • TLS

    • TLSv1

    • TLSv1.1

    • TLSv1.2

    • SSL (insecure!)

    • SSLv2 (insecure!)

    • SSLv3 (insecure!)

      All of the algorithms listed above support Java 8 and higher versions. For the protocol property, we recommend you to provide SSL or TLS with its version information, e.g., TLSv1.2. Note that if you provide only SSL or TLS as a value for the protocol property, they are converted to SSLv3 and TLSv1.2, respectively. We strongly recommend to avoid SSL protocols.

  • validateIdentity: Flag which allows enabling endpoint identity validation. It means, during the TLS handshake client verifies if the server’s hostname (or IP address) matches the information in X.509 certificate (Subject Alternative Name extension). Possible values are "true" and "false" (default).